THE RACIAL INCOME GAP

Black college men end up just a few dollars ahead of whites who went no further than high school.

45% of black children live below the poverty line, compared with 16% of white youngsters.

From 1939 to 1959, the earnings of black men relative to whites improved by over one third. However, from 1972 to 1992, the relative earnings of black men tapered off---and this was the period of affirmative action.

Black unemployment rates, for as long as records have been kept, have been at least double those experienced by whites. Today, the definition of unemployment has been sufficiently restructured (the figures no longer count people on welfare, those whose unemployment benefits have expired, those in jail or in the military) to become nearly meaningless. However, it is reasonable to claim that unemployment levels among urban youth exceed 60%.

THE GAP IN EDUCATION

Black professors hold less than 5% of faculty positions. Less than 5% of the K-12 teaching force is black. About 85% of this group is centered in urban areas.

Of all the doctoral degrees awarded in 1990, just 3.5% went to black men and women.

The attrition rate of black university students at many prestigious universities is greater than 60%.

Most NCAA universities refuse to release attrition rate for athletes. An NCAA study showed that nearly 75% of Division I black athletes failed to graduate.

While black students represent 16 % of all public school students, they make up nearly 40% of those classed as learning disabled.

There are more black men in jail than in college.

From "Two Nations" by Andrew Hacker

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