(updated to include 2008 Republican and General Maps)
Here is the 2008 Democratic Primary Results, by county
dark green == Clinton
purple == Obama
brown == Edwards
blue == uncommitted
yellow == unavailable
pink == tie
Here is the 2008 Republican Primary Results, by county
dark green == McCain
light blue == Thompson
brown == Hunter
blue == Huckabee
yellow == Romney
organge == Paul
And here is the 2008 Presidental Election Results, by county
And, here is the 2012 Republican Primary Election Results, by County
Purple == Gingrich
Yellow == Paul
Blue == Perry
Orange == Romney
Green == Santorum
I enjoy finding cool things like this in the Internet Archive. Today, using the search term "Charles Eames" I found this really cool film describing communication theory by Charles and Ray Eames. I can't remember if I was ever taught this formally in any linguistics class I took, but you can see the connections between linguistics and computer science and economics and political science and, well, anything. Basically, its a primer for the modern age of information that we live in.
The film becomes more complex as it goes on, just like decisions become more complex as more Stop/Go or Black/White decisions have to made. And, yet, as communication becomes so complex as to seemingly defy individual agency and the ability to decode information, it ends on a humanist note, noting that individuals have the responsibility, in the end, to make correct decisions.
There is still a lot to think about in this film made almost sixty years ago.
Ohio State University historian Mark Grimsley makes an interesting comparison between Southern white resistance to Federal rule to the Northern Vietnamese resistance during the Vietnam War in an interview entitled Rethinking Revolution: Reconstruction as an Insurgency at the Small Wars Journal website.
First, here is dau tranh as defined by the US Army's Counterinsurgency manual.
The North Vietnamese Dau Trahn
1-36. The Vietnamese conflict offers another example of the application of Mao's strategy. The North Vietnamese developed a detailed variant of it known as dau tranh ("the struggle") that is most easily described in terms of logical lines of operations (LLOs). In this context, a line of operations is a logical line that connects actions on nodes and/or decisive points related in time and purpose with an objective (JP 1-02). LLOs can also be described as an operational framework/planning construct used to define the concept of multiple, and often disparate, actions arranged in a framework unified by purpose. (Chapters 4 and 5 discuss LLOs typically used in COIN operations.) Besides modifying Mao's three phases, dau tranh delineated LLOs for achieving political objectives among the enemy population, enemy soldiers, and friendly forces. The "general offensive-general uprising" envisioned in this approach did not occur during the Vietnam War; however, the approach was designed to achieve victory by whatever means were effective. It did not attack a single enemy center of gravity; instead it put pressure on several, asserting that, over time, victory would result in one of two ways: from activities along one LLO or the combined effects of efforts along several. North Vietnamese actions after their military failure in the 1968 Tet offensive demonstrate this approach's flexibility. At that time, the North Vietnamese shifted their focus from defeating U.S. forces in Vietnam to weakening U.S. will at home. These actions expedited U.S. withdrawal and laid the groundwork for the North Vietnamese victory in 1975.
Here is Prof. Grimsley's use of the term in the context of white resistance during Reconstruction
This was the environment that educators working for the Freedman's Bureau encountered when they went south.
Mike Few: How did Southern Whites use violence to achieve their political goals?
Grimsley: The pattern of the Reconstruction insurgency closely corresponds with dau tranh, a Vietnamese term that literally means "the struggle" but has a much richer connotation. Dau tranh rejects the idea that insurgency should be confined to guerrilla warfare. Instead it prescribes the exploitation of any and all means to achieve the desired objective. If given access to the political process by the targeted government - as occurred during Reconstruction - an insurgency following the tenets of dau tranh does not accept the legitimacy of that process (as the targeted government hopes it will), but simply regards such access as an additional tool by which to undermine and overthrow the government. Dau tranh employs social measures (in the context of Reconstruction, the ostracism of white southerners who supported or tolerated the Republican order), economic measures (the discharge of black laborers and boycotts aimed at uncooperative white merchants and planters), agitation and propaganda (the Democratic press), and paramilitary measures (intimidation and violence). As one of its foremost interpreters has explained, "the basic objective in dau tranh strategy is to put armed conflict into the context of political dissidence. Thus, while armed and political dau tranh may designate separate clusters of activities, conceptually they cannot be separated. Dau tranh is a seamless web."
From the August 20, 1870 edition of the Japan Weekly Mail
An 1877 report to the British Government on Niigata by James Troup
I just found this on the Internet Archive.
The past week I haven't done too much. Spent one day at the local version of the DMV as my wife renewed her Japanese drivers license, spent another day at the local library. Ate a bit. Last Thursday (August 18th), though, we took a walk around a part of Niigata city I hadn't seen much of before. This is the first of two posts I'll make about what we saw that day.
As the Michinoku Maru is making this trip to ports on the Japan Sea to bring awareness to the needs of people in the Tohoku region, I thought it was cool to see below sticker on the ship. It says Keppare Tohoku, which is a northern style of saying Gambare Tohoku, or keep fighting/hang in there, Tohoku, as a way to give people encouragement in these difficult times.
The Michinoku Maru was docked across from the Toki Messe and nearby some historic buildings dating back to the Meiji period. Some representatives from the Niigata Nippo were handing out copies of maps of historic buildings in the area. We decided to check some of them out. I'll write more about that in my next post.
The main reason for my wife and I to come to Japan this summer is to visit her family. And, with the yen hovering around 75 to the dollar, things are quite expensive. However, I did want to get a couple of things on this trip.
The first was a music CD by Matsuda Yuusaku. I have liked Matsuda Yuusaku since watching a few of the episodes of a 1970s police drama that he starred in. I know his music was popular with his fans, as well. I have watched some of it on YouTube, but I was getting tired of listening to the same three songs there.
The second was to buy some books by Japanese journalists and photojournalists who covered the Vietnam War. I've become interested in this era after the search for Sean Flynn's body by a guy I met on twitter, though his blogging interests have moved on to other things. There is something interesting about this time. There are so many differences between that era's war journalists and todays. Obviously Vietnam era journalists were given a lot more freedom move around the war zone than those of todays wars. I wonder if that is the only difference, though?
In what I have read so far, I've noticed there are always Japanese journalists present, but always in the background. Even though they are in the background in western accounts, Japanese journalists were very active. In fact two Japanese photojournalists, Kyoichi Sawada and Toshio Sakai, won Pulitzers for their work in Vietnam.
I was planning to go to used bookstores and record stores in Niigata to look for these, but while I was researching stores online, I started looking up different books and cds. I eventually went to amazon.co.jp, where I would be able to get the books in a few days with shipping costs less than the train trip to Niigata station and back to where I'm staying. This included the out of print book, not shown above, that I ordered through an Amazon marketplace seller.
I really enjoy looking through bookstores and record stores for serendipitous finds. And although I don't have anything against ordering things online, either, I've been doing it since the mid-1990s, I still had the lingering feeling that bookstores and record stores themselves were important and would not disappear. I am not so sure about that. Though I came to that realization about 5 years than everyone else.
I'm still, though, buying cds and books as opposed to wanting digital copies. Aside from #quakebook, I have not bought a digital book and I have yet to purchase any digital music. We'll see how long that lasts.
My wife and I made it to Niigata Friday night (August 12) at around sunset. Which was nice, because we arrived at Haneda at sunrise. Here are some notes about our trip getting here.
Getting to LAX
The train we wanted to take to LA left Solana Beach station. We didn't calculate, though, that the traffic from UCSD north is pretty terrible at rush hour, so we were sure that we missed the train. Our tickets were through Amtrak's mileage program, and are good for one year, but we needed to pick them up or else we would lose the tickets and the points. We decided to go to the station both to pick them up and see if we could take the next train.
I just walked into the station when I heard an announcement that the train would be arriving in about five minutes -- about 30 minutes late. Other people seemed a bit upset, but, for once, I was really happy a train was late.
We probably could have take the later train, however. LAX advertises that the bus between Union Station and LAX takes about 40-45 minutes. But with no traffic on a Wednesday night it took a little under 30 minutes. The ANA line was fairly short and we breezed through security when we went through a little after midnight.
Once in the waiting area it looked like the flight would be fairly empty. Half of the plane, however, seemed to be first class sleeping seats. There weren't many of us in economy relative to the size of the plane, but all the economy seats were filled, so it didn't make much of a difference comfort-wise.
Arriving at Haneda
This was my third time flying into Haneda. I have even flown an international flight into Haneda, between Taipei and Haneda 10 years. I thought I would be able to breeze through immigration, but a Delta flight from LAX comes in at the same time as the ANA flight. Immigration still takes less time coming into Japan than it does coming into the US, but still had to spend some time going through immigration.
The last time I flew international through Haneda, though, the same immigration official who let me into the country was the one who stamped me out. I don't think that will be happening this time.
We took the local train from Haneda to Niigata, where my wife is from and where we are staying while in Japan. Everyone likes the Japan Rail pass. I have only used it once, however. Most of my time in Japan I was a legal resident, so I couldn't by it. While living here, I found out about the Seishun (Youth) 18 ticket. This ticket is only sold around the time of winter, spring, and summer school holidays (which is where, I assume, the name comes from) and allows those who are using it to take local train lines all day on five different days, or five people to take any local train line on one day, or some combination of the two, during the valid period of the train. You can't take the Shinkansen or other express trains, so you need to have time. But, if you have time and are patient, you can see a lot of Japan for a fairly inexpensive 11,500 yen, considering that one way for one person between Tokyo and Niigata costs over 7,000 yen.
We arrived at Haneda at 4:30 in the morning. To get to Niigata before sunset, we had to take a 12:20 train out of Takasaki. We decided to go to a public bath to freshen up and wait out Tokyo rush hour, not really wanting to carry our bags through the businessmen both rushing around and crowding the trains in the morning.
Using the free internet at Haneda -- something LAX still doesn't provide -- I found Edoyu, a super sento near Ochanomizu station. It's a fairly basic super sento, but its open until 8. We got there a little after 7, when they usually stop letting people in, but they let us, and a few more people in, which was nice.
After a quick bath and change of clothes, the street looking for a coffee shop. The map on Edoyu's website said there was a Starbucks down the street, but luckily we walked past a small, local coffee shop. It was inexpensive, friendly, and the food was good. I had this scrambled egg set, with the drink included, for a little under 600 yen, which is about $8 at the insane contemporary exchange rate of about 75 yen to the dollar.
Video Advertising Panel
I saw this at Ueno Station, where we took the train for Takasaki. Not sure if this is particularly impressive, but I thought it was. Maybe, though, it was the advertisement (that I wasn't able to record) that all sizes of McDonald drinks were only 100 yen for a limited time.
Lunch at Takasaki
We arrived at Takasaki about an hour before the train to Minakami, where we would transfer to the train to Niigata. Just enough time for lunch. We ended up having ramen at the station basement food court.
|From Japan Trip 2011|
A Crowded Train to Niigata
|From Japan Trip 2011|
We originally wanted to take the bus from Tokyo to Niigata. However, although we ourselves were returning to Niigata for Obon, it somehow didn't cross our minds that everyone else was, as well. We only realized this when we checked the highway bus company's website and saw that every bus on Friday was sold out!
I have a vague recollection of being on a crowded train on this line, but I can't remember exactly when. And, it wasn't something I remembered until after we got to the platform about 10 minutes before the train was about to leave and we couldn't find a seat. And we wouldn't be able to sit down until we got to Echigo-Yuzawa station.
I couldn't think of any reason why all these people would be going to Minakami, and there wasn't. When we got off the train at Minakami, everyone on the train got off and went up the steps to cross the train tracks to the platform where the train to Niigata was waiting.
This train, though, was supposed to go all the way to Nagaoka. However, the conductor waited until we got to Minakami to inform us that the tracks between Echigo-Yuzawa and Muikamachi had been damaged during last month's flash floods in Niigata and we would need to take a bus between the two stations instead.
As much as we didn't expect to be on a crowded train on this usually sleepy train line, JR East didn't seem to be prepared, either. At Minakami, we transfered from a four car train to a two car train. And we weren't the only ones carrying a fair amount of baggage.
Once we got to Echigo Yuzawa station, there was not enough buses for all us. The one JR employee was talking with someone, I assume to be a representative of the bus company supplying the bus, talking about how many more buses would be needed. There was a fairly long line that stretched into the station from the center of the east exit parking lot, where we got onto the JR supplied bus. Although everyone, save for one person, was going on to Muikamachi, the bus still stopped at every train station between Echigo-Yuzawa and Muikamachi, including one that is the bottom of the entrance to a ski resort, which is a fun place to go to during the winter.
We were able to get to Muikamachi in time, not for the train we were expecting to be on, but for the next train. That still, though, allowed us to get to Niigata by nightfall, per our original plan. So although it wasn't as straight forward as expected, we had made it back home.
Effects of March 11
I'm sure people reading this are interested in what changes I have seen due to the March 11th disaster. Thursday was, unbelievably, the 5 month anniversary. I didn't feel, though, any direct changes. I am not in Tokyo regularly enough to know if the train at 6 in the morning or 10 in the morning was more or less crowded, especially since it is the start of a holiday weekend.
However, there are many signs, however, that things are different. ways that I was able to tell things were different. Haneda had the lights dimmed, with a sign saying they were conserving energy. The same sign is on all of the vending machines in Tokyo. The train timetable, which I dutifully bought at Ueno station, explained that certain lines were still not functioning due to the effects of the disaster. Although the timetable still lists them, they are shaded gray to let people know that they are not functioning.
My wife's sister picked us up from the station. The radio was only discussing news from the disaster. All the stories above the fold in this morning's Niigata Nippo are about the disaster in one way or another. Inside, there is a special section devoted to it, including the number of displaced person's living in each city or town in Niigata, which adds up to a total of 6603 in the entire prefecture, as well as a list of names of those who the previous day were officially added to the list of those who had perished in the disaster.
From everything I understand, there was really no choice for the President but to sign the Budget Control Act of 2011. The risk to the world economy was just too great if we defaulted, and the country could ill afford the constitutional crisis that would have occurred if the President had invoked his authority under the 14th amendment to pay our bills.
However, like everyone says, there is little to be happy about. And, beyond the contents of the bill, there is the greater issue what it says about the relationship Americans have with their government and the world at large. Sen. Lindsey Graham makes an important point below:
One can disagree with US foreign policy but I do not think it is acceptable to think that the United States should not have a foreign policy beyond simply manning the barricades at our borders without any further engagement with the world at large.
Here are some tweets from Rep. Dennis Ross, who is representative of this way of thinking.
@JBordeaux I think needs are - SS, Medicare, vets, defense, and interest. Most other depts are wants. Can b Greatly reduced or eliminated
(This, by the way, is already occuring, as the House of Representatives has gone on recess without reauthorizing the FAA, among other things)
@JBordeaux Believe USAID could go, and we don't need 14,000 or so domestic State employees.
The government, and the resulting society, envisioned by Rep. Ross is what Sen. Graham means by Fortress America. An isolationist nation that is disengaged from the world outside its borders. The full faith and credit of the United States was not something that could be bargained away. In fact, nothing would have made Fortress America become a reality faster than a Federal government unable to pay its bills.
Now that the threat hanging over us all has been removed, it is not the time to give up. Instead, it is time to fully engage in the debate.
I've been spending the day at the 1.usa.gov hack day in San Diego. It has been interesting so far, and I've already learned a lot about. Basically we are seeing which government websites -- and therefore which government information -- people are interested in by seeing what websites (either .gov or .mil) people are clicking through using a bitly shortener.
I'm working in a group that is looking to build leaderboards, to see which urls are popular. Personally, I would like to pull out language, country, and city info to see what government information people are looking for in different international communities.
Tags:Abd Al Malik,France,Music,Wallen
If we follow [Abd Al] Malik's idea that rap music is simply the rapper, then Dante is rap music, and of course it is, but it is much, much more than that. It is the classic songs of 50's and 60's France. It is traditional music of the provinces. It is the sound of the North and West African colonies. It is the sound of jazz, of American hip-hop, of electro. In short, it is the sound of modern France.
~Will Hutchins in Vingt Paris Magazine
This is an old post but I thought I would reformat it and repost it
I sang this song on the border of Vietnam and Laos. It was a few days before New Year's, 2002. I was travelling with some Japanese guy I met in Hue. Somehow, we had gotten a bus to only charge us double to get us to the border from Hue.
Once we finally made it to the border, we stayed the night. At the time, there was no paved road there; it was still under construction. It was still and quiet at night, with just a black night sky with stars. There was nothing else to do, and the hotel we stayed at had Karaoke. So, we decided to sing. Well, I decided to sing and he came along. So, I sang and sang and sang. If you know my singing, you know my friend on the road really must have had nothing better to do. The one song I remember singing was House of the Rising Sun. I don't know why, but it seemed appropriate.
The next day, the owner of the hotel tried to overcharge us. She had my passport. So I paid. And we left to walk across the border to Laos.
At the time, I remember being really angry about being overcharged. Now, though, I can't really say, before writing these words, the last time I thought about that next morning. Anytime I sing or hear this song, though, I remember that night before, when I sang House of the Rising Sun the border in Vietnam.
For the longest time, though, I used the plastic key chain of the key of our room I didn't return. Not on purpose, mind you, I just couldn't find it when I left. Once she received her money, she didn't ask about the key. It wasn't high on our priority at that point to return anything, either.
I wonder if she had an extra?
Here is a video from the United Nations Development Programme showing some of the projects they are involved in.
Here is a U.S. military film about Lam Son II, part of the CORDS program. It is a predecessor to current US COIN policy.
I'm really enjoying Scott Pelley's CBS Evening News -- although I usually watch it online the next morning. I think every episode I have watched has led with a story on Afghanistan. Yesterday's show was no different. The following story reports on the remarks made outgoing US Ambassador Karl Eikenberry about remarks made by the Karzai government about the United States.
These remarks aren't occurring in a vacuum. Outgoing Defense Secretary Gates publically confirmed that the United States is attempting to enter into negotiations with members of the Taliban. And, as "outgoing" suggests, a new Secretary of Defense and a new Ambassador to Afghanistan. And with tonight's speech by President Obama we'll get a better idea as to where all these changes are taking us next in Afghanistan.
Michigan led the way in in 1961, can California in 2011?
Documentary on the Michigan Constitutional Convention of 1961-1962.
16mm 27 min Black and White
"Michigan Can Lead the Way" created by Wayne State University and Michigan State University. A twenty-seven minute condensation of more than twenty hours of film. No delegate names mentioned. Titile borrowed from an address by Dwight D. Eisenhower to the Convention on December 13, 1961. The former President of the United States said "The responsibilities, best exercised by the people of a state,can be returned to them in all fifty states. And Michigan can lead the way."
Loan copies of the film were produced by and made available after January 14, 1963, through Wayne State University, Michigan State University, and the University of Michigan.
Below is a very nice documentary on the culture and changing nature of a book market in Kolkata, India. There is a new "book mall" being built on this street, where there is a collection of book stalls and stores selling all kinds of books. The street itself reminds me of Jimbocho in Tokyo. (Here is a website in Japanese.) Both Jimbocho and the Kolkata book market on College Street grew up around universities in the area.
I love books myself. I worked at a bookstore in Burlingame for four years as a high school and junior college student. That store closed sometime after I left. I spent much of my youth at Central Park Books. That closed. Tower Books in San Mateo and at Pacific Plaza in Singapore, both of which I spent a lot of time at as well, closed.
Like those in the documentary, I think the value of books and book culture is more than its market value. Yet culture is always changing and in flux. Mr. Dagupta's bookstore has been there for over 100 years, yet what was there before?
The documentary is about more than books, though. It is about attempts at preserving local culture and languages and what are perceived as traditional family structures while confronting the disruptive changes that joining global markets bring. In any case, like someone said in the comments on YouTube, this is now a place I'd like to visit someday, in whatever form it is in when I get there. Highly recommended.
Listen my children and you shall hear
Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,
On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five;
Hardly a man is now alive
Who remembers that famous day and year.
He said to his friend, "If the British march
By land or sea from the town to-night,
Hang a lantern aloft in the belfry arch
Of the North Church tower as a signal light,--
One if by land, and two if by sea;
And I on the opposite shore will be,
Ready to ride and spread the alarm
Through every Middlesex village and farm,
For the country folk to be up and to arm."
Then he said "Good-night!" and with muffled oar
Silently rowed to the Charlestown shore,
Just as the moon rose over the bay,
Where swinging wide at her moorings lay
The Somerset, British man-of-war;
A phantom ship, with each mast and spar
Across the moon like a prison bar,
And a huge black hulk, that was magnified
By its own reflection in the tide.
Meanwhile, his friend through alley and street
Wanders and watches, with eager ears,
Till in the silence around him he hears
The muster of men at the barrack door,
The sound of arms, and the tramp of feet,
And the measured tread of the grenadiers,
Marching down to their boats on the shore.
Then he climbed the tower of the Old North Church,
By the wooden stairs, with stealthy tread,
To the belfry chamber overhead,
And startled the pigeons from their perch
On the sombre rafters, that round him made
Masses and moving shapes of shade,--
By the trembling ladder, steep and tall,
To the highest window in the wall,
Where he paused to listen and look down
A moment on the roofs of the town
And the moonlight flowing over all.
Beneath, in the churchyard, lay the dead,
In their night encampment on the hill,
Wrapped in silence so deep and still
That he could hear, like a sentinel's tread,
The watchful night-wind, as it went
Creeping along from tent to tent,
And seeming to whisper, "All is well!"
A moment only he feels the spell
Of the place and the hour, and the secret dread
Of the lonely belfry and the dead;
For suddenly all his thoughts are bent
On a shadowy something far away,
Where the river widens to meet the bay,--
A line of black that bends and floats
On the rising tide like a bridge of boats.
Meanwhile, impatient to mount and ride,
Booted and spurred, with a heavy stride
On the opposite shore walked Paul Revere.
Now he patted his horse's side,
Now he gazed at the landscape far and near,
Then, impetuous, stamped the earth,
And turned and tightened his saddle girth;
But mostly he watched with eager search
The belfry tower of the Old North Church,
As it rose above the graves on the hill,
Lonely and spectral and sombre and still.
And lo! as he looks, on the belfry's height
A glimmer, and then a gleam of light!
He springs to the saddle, the bridle he turns,
But lingers and gazes, till full on his sight
A second lamp in the belfry burns.
A hurry of hoofs in a village street,
A shape in the moonlight, a bulk in the dark,
And beneath, from the pebbles, in passing, a spark
Struck out by a steed flying fearless and fleet;
That was all! And yet, through the gloom and the light,
The fate of a nation was riding that night;
And the spark struck out by that steed, in his flight,
Kindled the land into flame with its heat.
He has left the village and mounted the steep,
And beneath him, tranquil and broad and deep,
Is the Mystic, meeting the ocean tides;
And under the alders that skirt its edge,
Now soft on the sand, now loud on the ledge,
Is heard the tramp of his steed as he rides.
It was twelve by the village clock
When he crossed the bridge into Medford town.
He heard the crowing of the cock,
And the barking of the farmer's dog,
And felt the damp of the river fog,
That rises after the sun goes down.
It was one by the village clock,
When he galloped into Lexington.
He saw the gilded weathercock
Swim in the moonlight as he passed,
And the meeting-house windows, black and bare,
Gaze at him with a spectral glare,
As if they already stood aghast
At the bloody work they would look upon.
It was two by the village clock,
When he came to the bridge in Concord town.
He heard the bleating of the flock,
And the twitter of birds among the trees,
And felt the breath of the morning breeze
Blowing over the meadow brown.
And one was safe and asleep in his bed
Who at the bridge would be first to fall,
Who that day would be lying dead,
Pierced by a British musket ball.
You know the rest. In the books you have read
How the British Regulars fired and fled,---
How the farmers gave them ball for ball,
>From behind each fence and farmyard wall,
Chasing the redcoats down the lane,
Then crossing the fields to emerge again
Under the trees at the turn of the road,
And only pausing to fire and load.
So through the night rode Paul Revere;
And so through the night went his cry of alarm
To every Middlesex village and farm,---
A cry of defiance, and not of fear,
A voice in the darkness, a knock at the door,
And a word that shall echo for evermore!
For, borne on the night-wind of the Past,
Through all our history, to the last,
In the hour of darkness and peril and need,
The people will waken and listen to hear
The hurrying hoof-beats of that steed,
And the midnight message of Paul Revere.
This is part of an essay printed in the Atlantic entitled
The last and greatest alarm we had was after we had removed from Oaklands to another plantation. I woke about two o'clock in the morning, hearing the tramp of many feet in the yard below, -- the steady tramp of soldiers' feet. "The Rebels! they have come at last! all is over with us now!" I thought at once, with a desperate kind of resignation. And I lay still, waiting and listening. Soon I heard footsteps on the piazza; then the hall door was opened, and the steps were heard distinctly in the hall beneath; Finally, I heard some one coming up the stairs. Then I grasped my revolver, rose, and woke the other ladies.
"There are soliders in the yard! Somebody has opened up the hall-door, and is coming up-stairs!"
Poor L., but half awakened, stared at me in speechless terror. The same thought filled our minds. But Mrs. B., after listening for a moment, exclaimed, --
"Why that is my husband! I know his footsteps. he is coming up-stairs to call me."
And so it proved. Her husband, who was a lieutenant in Colonel Montgomery's regiment, had come up from camp with some of his men to look after deserters. The door had been unfastened by a servant who on that night happened to sleep in the house. I shall never forget the delightful sensation of relief that came over me when the whole matter was explained. It was almost overpowering; for, although I had made up my mind to bear the worst, and bear it braveyly, the thought for falling into the hands of the Rebels was horrible in the extreme. A year of intense mental suffering seemed to have been compressed into those few moments.
tags:bureacracy,freedmen,Reconstruction Thanks to a recommendation from Paul Wartenberg I started reading through The Freedom Bureau and Reconstruction:Reconsiderations edited by Paul Cimbala and the late Hans L. Trefousse. Although I have just begun, already has confirmed for me that there was some conflict between Treasury and the War Department over which bureaucracy should run the Freedmen's Bureau. Senator Charles Sumner, for example, intialally wrote the Freedmen's Bureau Bill with the Freedmen's Bureau under Treasury.
More interesting, though, is that Treasury was actually overseeing schools and assistance for freedmen in South Carolina in what is known as the Port Royal Experiment. It is interesting because while enemy territory was just on the mainland, civilian bureaucrats and what we would call today NGOs were running education and development programs. They were also running development programs because, in addition to building schools, there was a large amount of cotton to be harvested. To harvest that cotton they needed the labor of the local freedmen and women, and they wanted to use a free labor system based on wages and contracts -- a bit different than how labor had been organized under slavery.
The following are three form letters used by Treasury to give permission to civilians heading South to work in these programs.
tags:Budget,California,Jerry Brown,Legislature,Politics, I like Jerry Brown. I like how he theatrically signs what is presumably the veto letter in this YouTube video. I like what he is saying.
However I am not sure I like the theatricallity of passing the budget in the first place, as I first saw noted by Liam Dillon
@AndrewDonohue budget passed, checks cashed, budget vetoed, real budget talks wrap up around halloween as per ususal
Proposition 25, which was passed last year, had two key selling points. The first was budgets could now be passed by a simple majority vote. The second was that legislators would not get paid if they failed to pass a budget on time.
The section of Prop 25 pertaining to the second point is below.
(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of law or of this Constitution, including subdivision (c) of this section, Section 4 of this article, and Sections 4 and 8 of Article III, in any year in which the budget bill is not passed by the Legislature by midnight on June 15, there shall be no appropriation from the current budget or future budget to pay any salary or reimbursement for travel or living expenses for Members of the Legislature during any regular or special session for the period from midnight on June 15 until the day that the budget bill is presented to the Governor. No salary or reimbursement for travel or living expenses forfeited pursuant to this subdivision shall be paid retroactive.
The key point is that the budget bill just needs to be presented to the governor rather than signed by the governor. So no need to actually work on a budget that can be signed and implemented, just pass one and send it up to the governor for him to veto, and then your pay will continue. Nice!
tags:development,Freedmen's Bureau,history,Reconstruction,War Department
I've been reading Ta-Nehisi Coates blog for the past couple of years, which has rekindled my interest in the Civil War. My IR/PS education, I think, has made me particularly interested not so much in the Civil War itself but in postwar Reconstruction.
I haven't looked too deeply into it as of yet, though. But following up on my previous post on the division of labor in US development policy between the military, civilian, and diplomatic corps, I wanted to see what department the Freedman's Bureau was under, and it was, sure enough, under the Department of War.
Why the Department of War, I wondered. Well, I found one answer:
This is from a book by Gen. John Eaton, who worked in the Freedman's Bureau as assistant commissioner, as well as the second commissioner of the newly formed Department of Education.
It would be interesting to see the internal debates at Treasury at the time. I have more questions than answers at this point, however, which is exciting.
Anyone with a passing knowledge of the art community in San Diego region knows that an interesting scene exists just across the border in Tijuana, despite years of violence and economic instability. So it really should be of no surprise that in Kabul, especially with its influx of foreign aid workers and the return of the Afghan diaspora from abroad, has its own growing art scene.
Although how large or wide it is I have no idea as I'm in San Diego! But this Guardian article on a Kabul graffiti scene came through my RSS feed. This representation of the Kabul bus system was a good reminder of how lucky we are here in San Diego... perhaps...
However, beyond the graffiti art the article focuses on (which seems to have first appeared in the press at the end of the December, when this BBC video appeared. And even before that, there is blog post from last April) I noticed this paragraph:
Mojadidi was born in Florida to Afghani parents and, according to this France24 first-person profile, originally came to work on education programs for children but eventually moved to working as an artists and holding art and cultural workshops.
The interest in graffiti is part of burgeoning contemporary art scene in Kabul. One of the leading local artists is c, 40. Like most, including Qassem and Hassani, he was raised overseas, and came to Kabul after the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001. One recent work involved mounting a fake police checkpoint at which, instead of taking bribes as is habitually the case, cash was returned to bemused motorists "as an apology from the Kabul police for previous misdemeanours". The resulting installation, using film of the event, is called Payback and has been shown in Cairo, New York and now Mumbai, India.
As a working artist, his Payback installation can't be found online, but he has a short description and excerpt on his homepage which I encourage you to check out. While watching the video, I noticed that most people seemed to be refusing the "reverse bribe." But, according to this McClatchy article, that wasn't the full story.
When it was all over, 16 of 20 drivers had taken the cash, and Mojadidi had 400 Afghan dollars left - about $8.
As they were packing up, Mojadidi said, the real police officer made an unrepentant request for a little "baksheesh" of his own.
"So, you gave all those drivers something, but I was out here with you and I haven't gotten anything," Mojadidi said the officer complained.
Mojadidi said he gave the police officer the remaining 400 Afghan dollars - more than one day's pay for the average cop on the street.
I like these kinds of stories -- and, more closer to home, projects like Derrik Chinn's Turista Libre -- because they are healthy reminders that beyond all the politics and policy reports and statistics and strategies and articles and images that come out of a place like Kabul or Tijuana, behind all of that there are individuals who live and work in those places
And, for the those who live in Kabul, those who are in Mojadidi's video -- beyond the fact that they have to stop for a guy in a uniform and prepare to be obsequious while also preparing to hand over some bills, knowing full well that he may or may not be an actual cop -- they are just trying to get somewhere, whether to work, to meet there family, or to pick up a fare. The fact that they do have to stop for a guy in a uniform, without being able to trust that it is a police officer, and even if they are an actual cop, not knowing whose interest they are serving, places should place all those articles and reports in the proper context rather than it being the other way around.
Tags:Development,Djibouti,PIP,PMP,Soft Power,USAID,US military
This is from press teleconference at the Department of State held on June 9th:
Gareth Porter from Inter Press Service<: Thank you. I'd like to ask just what your theory is concerning the relationship between development or other types of assistance, civilian assistance, and the state of the insurgency or security. The report criticizes past assumptions underlying the aid efforts, saying that it was based on the assumption that poverty and lack of government presence were the problems, only to find out that the problem was a lack of governance. So can you be specific about what your assumptions are about the linkage between the assistance programs or assistance efforts and the state of the insurgency or security?
Dr. Raj Shah, USAID Administrator: Well, this is Raj, and, again, I'll start and see if Marc would like to close out for us. But I would just say that I think it's become very, very clear that we have to have an integrated civilian and military strategy in Afghanistan. There's just no question that an insurgency, and, in this case, one that has real threats to the United States, can be defeated with military efforts alone. And similarly, it would be ineffective to have a development partnership that would help achieve real results without basic security.
I think, over the past two years, I've seen a huge improvement in the way the civilian and military partners work together and having a common strategic objective and having a common goal of building effective local governance - not eradicating poverty; that's not a reasonable objective - but having the basic sense of development progress that gives people an alternative and some opportunity as opposed to relying on or going back to the Taliban.
And we've seen real results from that. I've personally walked through communities where our programs, whether they are in agriculture or road infrastructure or irrigation, have helped improve stability to the point where communities can come together, they can form plans, and invest in their future and in their children and do so in a peaceful and productive way with the United States and with a range of other development partners from around the world.
So I'll see if Marc would like to add to that, but I think our theory has been validated that you got to have an integrated civilian and military approach.
Marc Grossman, Special Ambassador to Afghanistan and Pakistan: Thank you very much, Raj. Just to say that your question and the point that Raj made just allows me to kind of end where I started, which was to go back to kind of the three parts of the strategy that the Secretary laid out on the 18th of February - a military effort; a civilian effort, which we have tried to talk a little bit about today; and this diplomatic effort to support Afghan-led reconciliation. And just as Raj said that the intimate connections between kind of what we're doing across these areas - one supports another. Whenever I've spoken about the three efforts here - military, civilian, and diplomatic - it isn't that one kind of jumps ahead or supersedes the other, can succeed without the other; they need to kind of move together, and that's what we have been trying to do.
And so the fact that we are both here today trying to answer your questions and we've tried to operate this in a way that takes into account all of the pieces that will be required to have a stable and successful and prosperous Afghanistan - I'll say I think the three things move together - that's been our objective and it'll be our objective going forward.
I began thinking more deeply about the civilian, military, and diplomatic triangle in development policy in particularly and foreign policy generally a few weeks ago when I attended a Institue for Cultural Diplomacy's seminar in Washington DC in May. I was surprised just by how many military leaders were invited to the seminar, and by the direct role the military had in the application of soft power programs.
I shouldn't have been, of course. I read this profile of the anthropologist-soldier David Kilcullen when I first came back to the US in 2006. I also knew that this is part of Gen. David Petraeus' counterinsurgency methods as laid out in this well known field manual on counterinsurgency. And the direct role of the military in development programs is nothing new. This joint US-Thai military medical unit just celebrated its 50th anniversary.
The question that needs to be asked, I think, and is not really answered in the above discussion about the military, civilian, and diplomatic roles in development programs, is not the coordination between the three but where the boundaries are between the three in these programs.
This came into focus for me during a report on the BBC this week. Recently I've been listening to the BBC World Update Daily Commute podcast, which this past week had it's host Dan Damon reporting from Djibouti. On the June 8th episode, he reported on the US role in Djibouti, and especially the role of the US military. The US military's only base in sub Saharan Africa, Camp Lemonnier, is in Djibouti.
Damon reported from a small village on the Djibouti-Ethiopian-Somali border, where he had the following exchange with a member of the 402 Civil Affairs Unit.
Dan Damon: Its obviously very important, then that the military does that kind of thing to make friends. Why the military? Why not,for example, the USAID, the aid workers?
Captain Courtney Sanders: Well, in actuality, we all work together. We collaborate together. We cooperate together. And it takes all of us to make this possible. So we are all partnering in this.
This is something I clearly need to learn a great deal more about in order to better understand what is going on. I am looking forward to doing that, and understanding the relationships between the civilian, military, and diplomatic aspects of our foreign policy and their roles in the formulation and implementation of that policy in the world today.
I was looking for an interesting song played on the Les Paul Google doodle and came across this:
Here is more about this piece from NPR's Top 100 music piece's of the 20th Century
Here is a more raw video that Our Man in Abiko filmed in Ishinomaki showing the more immediate devistation and debris that still remains three months after 3-11.
Although Google Map's satellite images have changed, Street View still has images from before 3-11. Here is Kumagaiya, a store which appears at the 1:12 mark in Ortigas' report.
Below is where Our Man is standing at the 10 second mark of the video of the video:
tag: cultural diplomacy, soft power, rock and roll
Tags:business, strategy, video games
I just ran across Atari's games in the Chrome app store. This short video puts into context what Atari is trying to do with that.
Yukari Iwatani Kane's full story on the current state of Atari is behind the Wall Street Journal's paywall, so I'll have to check it out at the library later today. For whatever reason, though, although Atari is now a French corporation, the story came up through Wall Street Journal's Japan Real Time blog.
tags:Asakawa Maki, Japan, music
Then there is this great mixtape by Mike Davis of another artist from that era, Asakawa Maki. When I first heard it in January I thought to myself why hadn't I heard of her before,in that sad sort of way you feel when you first learn of something that you wish you had known about years before, ... and then quickly got into the groove of grad school. Although I thought about it now and again, but I hadn't really wanted to listen to it again until today.
Which led me on a search around the internet -- as somehow I remember posting it on my Facebook page but didn't save it on my Delicious account nor had I posted it on this blog. Finally some combination of 1970s, soul, music, singer, woman, Japan, ???, entered into the Google brought up the name Asakawa Maki which led me to Mike Davis' webpage.
I don't have anything much to add to his introduction to Asakawa on his site beyond recommending that you take an hour plus of your time to listen to the mixtape he's created.
There are many different ways to keep up with #quakebook. One, of course, is to checkout the website at www.quakebook.org. You can also, appropriately enough, follow QuakeBook on Twitter. Finally, you can like the Facebook page below.
tags:Activism,Bob Filner,Civil Rights,Freedom Riders,Mayor,San Diego
|From Web Site Photos|
I went downtown this morning wanting to watch the preview showing Freedom Riders more because of Ta-Nehisi Coates than anything else. He has written before on the importance of the Freedom Riders, and it was part of our history that I wanted to learn more about.
It ended up being a great film, and a part of our history that we should know about. It is almost unimaginable to me and yet a stark fact that, a little more than 10 years before I was born, Americans, white and black, were beaten and terrorized just because they were riding the bus together.
|From Web Site Photos|
It was certainly something that didn't occur to me when I took my own bus trip through the United States in the mid 1990s. About 35 years before I took the Greyhound bus into Jackson, Mississippi, future congressmen Bob Filner and John Lewis had taken a bus there and were quickly arrested and sent to the Mississippi State Pen (which I had passed while riding the Greyhound from Chicago down to Biloxi, where a friend of mine was living at the time, which was my reason for going to Mississippi). Fellow future Democratic congressman Sonny Montgomery was there as well, but on the other side as the commanding officer in the Mississippi National Guard.
|From Web Site Photos|
A bonus of the screening was that Rep. Filner would be there in person to talk about his experiences as a Freedom Rider. In fact, before seeing the advertisements for the film, I had no idea that he had been a Freedom Rider. While listening to him speak about his involvement and imprisonment as a participant in the Freedom Rides, I was thinking about Bruce Sterling's speech from SXSW that I had posted yesterday, about the lack of activism in youth today, and the importance of it in order to push our society towards change.
Then, at the end of the Q&A, I tweeted this:
Bob Filner just announced he is running for mayor -- had he said that officially before?
It didn't seem planned,
and it looks like someone is already trying to backtrack on the statement, probably because it wasn't the place they had in mind for a formal announcement.*But he said what he said -- in fact he jokingly chastized someone for not clapping after he made the announcement -- and to me it felt as it was a natural progression of his thoughts during the Q&A, as he seemed to have genuinely moved by the film, his memories of his activist youth, and the neccessity for such activism still today. Right before he stated that he was running for mayor, he had been answerign a question on the importance of activism today and discussed at lenght how important it was to motivate our leadership. He wondered why people were not stopping banks from foreclosing on homes -- and talked about his own experience in using direct action to stop a foreclosure.
Beyond that, as someone interested in politics, I am looking forward to seeing the news tomorrow and how this all plays out over the next year and a half. One thing is clear, though. With people like Bob Filner, Carl DeMaio, Nathan Fletcher, Bonnie Dumanis, and Christine Kehoe all looking to run for Mayor of San Diego in 2012, I'm guessing there won't be any room for an Eric Bidwell this time around.
Update:When I was writing this someone was going around facebook saying that I was incorrect -- but the local writer ended up having not even attended the film screening on Sunday. As of now (March 28, 2011 7:00pm PDT) Filner nor Filner's staff has made any follow up comments although I've talked to a few media outlets in San Diego.
tags:Activism,Bruce Sterling,Genetic Engineering,Environmentalism,Future,Ideas,Implementation,Italy,Outrage,Passion,Politics,Policy,Protest,SXSW,Virtuiousity,United States,
Bruce Sterling attempts to rally the assembled masses at SXSW -- although this summary doesn't seem to do justice with the righteous anger as well as despair at the failure of effective leadership, imagination and talent in the developed world that Sterling's also laces his speech with.
J. Craig Venter Institute
New Directions: The Ethics of Synthetic Biology and Emerging Technologies
by the Presidental Commision for the Study of Bioethical Issues
ExxonMobile Algae Biofuels Research and Development Program
Tags:Animation,Cool,Joaquin Phoenix,Sascha Ciezata,Werner Herzog,
This never gets old -- Werer Herzog talks about the time he pulled Joaquin Phoenix out of a burning car.
In this animated short famed film director Werner Herzog recalls the time he rescued Joaquin Phoenix from lighting a deadly cigarette.
Tags:Day Labor,Japan,Labor,Nuclear Crisis,Technology,
Critical documentary in English by Kenji Higuchi about relationship between the nuclear industry and labor in Japan.
Tags:CNN,Nuclear Crisis,DPJ,Japan,Technology,Yukio Edano,
Tags:CBS,Nature,Nuclear Crisis,Japan,Technology,United States
Here are two videos that explain the nuclear crisis in two very different ways.
Next time I go to Japan I am going to get some of Yuusaku's albums...
Actually -- these are the only two Ji-pan keiji episodes I've seen...
I was awakened by the Loma Prieta quake when it hit the Bay Area on October 17, 1989. Over 20 years later, on March 10, 2011 (it was still March 10th where we live) I woke up again to news of an earthquake. I opened my eyes, planning to go right back to sleep, until I saw TV Japan, showing not some NHK drama or talk show, but news of the earthquake. My wife and I watched live in our apartment here in La Jolla, thousands of miles away, as the tsunami spread across the landscape of the country of her birth and that I consider my second home.
Like I have done since the Easter Sunday Earthquake that hit us in San Diego last year, I turned to Twitter and Facebook to find out what was happening. There I began to see that the tsunami would arrive in California the next day. I knew it shouldn't be much of a threat but, since I do live a block from the ocean, I scoured around the net, found out it would come in the next morning, and what were the emergency procedures in San Diego. Of course, after staying up all through the night watching the news I slept through that, too. It was harder to ignore the earthquakes that have since then hit both Niigata and Shizuoka, places where my wife was born and where she has family respectively. These earthquakes, which would have usually been front page news for at a few days, were regulated to brief mentions in the news as the crisis continued to grow in Tohoku.
This past week, I have worried with my friends on Facebook who have waited for word of family members in Tohoku -- and shared some of their happiness when they have been found. I also have seen others, living in Tokyo, debate whether to stay or go. Throughout all of it, I've tried to make myself useful by posting articles, as well as other information I've found, on Facebook and Twitter, perhaps bridging a gap that exists between those are living in Japan and those who aren't.
My wife and I moved here in 2006 from Japan. It was never our intention to stay so long. And yet here we are, still in our small, little apartment in La Jolla which looks out onto the Pacific. But we have not turned off the NHK simulcast since last Thursday. And my desire to return has never been stronger.
I am claiming my blog for Technorati. I have no idea what I need to do but I think I just need to but this code
in my blog post and it will claim it.
Tags:Anderson Cooper,Twitter Anderson, reporting from the midst of the Egyptian Uprising, is having some trouble with Twitter -- but his Tweeps (including myself) are there to help.
Ok, so I'm still learning this twitter stuff. Here is the link to rep notebook on #egypthttp://on.cnn.com/hXl0qT
Pssshhh. I hear you, brother. RT @andersoncooper: Aaaargh!
@andersoncooper you'll get the hang of it, Coop! can i call you "Coop"...?
@andersoncooper In Ubertwitter, just highlight the tweet you want, open your menu, select Retweet, and click on it. That should do it.
???????????????? ??????????? RT @andersoncooper Aaaargh!
He's a pirate RT @andersoncooper: Aaaargh!
Tags:BBC,Cultural Differences,Hollywood,United Kingdom,United States,
An American Perspective
A British Perspective
Tags:American Dream,Ted Williams,
After watching this section of Ted Williams' interview with Al Roker and Ann Curry, where at the beginning he states he needed a drink to get himself ready for his job as a radio DJ many years ago and at the end where he states his dream job is not doing voice overs or announcing but programming a radio station, I can't help but think Ted Williams' story says something deeper about America, about how we attempt to reconcile our individual childhood dreams, ambitions, and self image to the reality of adulthood and the power of society's definition of who we are.
Tags:BBC,Catholic,Giles Fraser,Podcast,Radio,Rene Girard,Religion,Violence,
I loved radio when I was a kid. But, as I don't own an iPod or a Zune, I have never really got into listening to radio the modern way, through downloading a podcast onto some kind of mobile device. I have owned a Philips GoGear for a while now, but had never found a program which would both download podcasts from the internet to my computer and then easily sync them with my GoGear.
The other day, though, I finally found a program worth using: gPodder. It isn't perfect, as it has been ported over from the original Linux, but it works well enough, and so, finally being able to easily sync podcasts I want to listen to with what is on my player I can take one more step into the 21st century by listening to any program I want, when I want.
One of them is the BBC's Thought of the Day. When I was younger, I used to fall asleep listening to KALW's overnight BBC programing, which meant I sometimes heard this program. And, the first Thought of the Day of the New Year did not disappoint. In it, Reverend Dr Giles Fraser discusses the philosophy of Rene Girard. I had not heard of either Giles Fraser or Rene Girard before this podcast.
You can download the podcast yourself if you would like to hear the entire talk.* What interested me, though, were Girard's ideas themselves. Girard, according to Fraser, has stated that relgion can rally people to violence through attempting to unifying a community through scapegoating outsiders. Girard is a Catholic thinker, however, and he relates Christ's death on the cross to the conflicts that these outsiders have had with religious authorities. Christ himself comes into conflict with religious authorities, is ostracized, scapegoated, and ultimately crucified by them, placing him with those outsiders who have met similar fates, before and after his death.
I am not sure if that is a correct interpretation of Girard, or even a correct summary of what Fraser explained Girard's ideas are. Its an idea, though, that I hope to pursue further. Luckily, SDSU's library has The Girard Reader, so hopefully I'll have some time to pursue his writing further.
I'll discuss another program I heard in my next post, which directly relates to the class I am taking at UCSD this quarter.
*The podcast will be taken off the BBC website 30 days from January 4th.
Tags:Boston,Diplomacy,History,Iwakura Mission,Japan,Speech,United States,
Judge Ebenezer R. Hoar, who served on the Massachusetts Supreme Court from 1859 until 1869 and as President Grant's Attorney-General from 1869 to 1870, gave the following speech (published in August 8, 1872 edition of the New York Observer and Chronicle) at the reception for the members of the Iwakura Mission held at the Boston Board of Trade on August 2, 1872.
It is the felicity of our relation to our distinguished guests tonight and the great country which they represent that with them we have no differences to settle. The ocean which separates their country and ours is, and long may it be, the Pacific Ocean. In joining you in welcoming them to the hospitality of our State, our city, and our people, I feel that we can best impress upon them the regard and respect which we feel for their mission and its object by giving them simply as I understand is the intention of the authorities and the Association who welcome them to Boston the fullest of examination and inspection of what we have to see.
I do not know that our distinguished guests are aware that, despite the little knowledge which we had of them in long past, the name of their country has become a vernacular in our language. I looked it out of Webster's Dictionary just before I left home. I have it, as follows: “Japan, to cover with a thick coat of hard brilliant varnish.” That was before we knew anything but the outside of them, and when we knew them much less than we do today and hope to for the future. But I wish to say to our friends here that I hope the reception of them will not give them any occasion for the making of a similar word in Japanese language of America.
Let them see us not in a boastful, not in a proselyting, not in a vain-glorious spirit. The only thing in our religion which we desire now to mention for their hearing is that precept which I trust is found in theirs, “God has made of one blood all the nations of men who dwell upon the earth” If they can find in our social or political institutions, in our schools and colleges, in our institutions of charity and learning, in our manufactories and workshops, among our merchants and traders, among our farmers or in the homes of our people, any thing which they can look upon with intelligent interest, and from which they can derive useful suggestions we welcome them to the whole use of the privilege.
But I desire for one to express the conviction that we in our turn have much to learn from them as from other nations, and as an expression of American modesty I would ask that as they are leaving our shore next week they may take with them this sentiment as applicable to them, that that nation is in the surest path of progress and elevation which the most clearly sees its own defects and most constantly and persistently seeks to amend them.
Tags:Boston,Diplomacy,History,Iwakura Mission,Japan,Speech,United States,
While looking around the internet for either a new banner photo or a new opening quote for my website (I didn't find anything better, so I'll keep what I have for now) I came across the details of a banquet held in honor of the Iwakura Mission in Boston, their last stop before they left for Europe. The New York Times, in an article in the August 3, 1872 edition, reported that it was “one of the most elegant banquets ever given in this city.”
The evening's “intellectual entertainment” included the following speech (as reported by the New York Times) by an R. Soogiwoora.
I have often heard people say that Boston is the brain of the American Union. By this I understand that your city is the point where the human mind has received the greatest attention and culture in the different departments of science and of learning. It is indeed a great honor and a sincere pleasure for all connected with this Embassy to meet you here as the representatives of a people whose fame has gone around the world. Everywhere known as a community who have reached a very high degree of distinction in the literary, the scientific, the mechanic, and the educational branches of civilization, it seems needless to remind you that our country is much indebted to yours for having induced us to open our ports to the external world, the result of which we feared at first, but now we fully appreciate.
It is a blessing which has already brought us much advantage, and from which we new hope for a greater good. Under the wise advice of your country, we now find ourselves moving in the right direction, taking steps to elevate and instruct our people, when we might have remained in ignorance of the actual condition of the world we live in, and never have realized the thousand good things we are now acquiring since opening our country to foreign nations. Commodities of every variety have been exchanged in the interest of commerce, and our people have been actively engaged in developing our industrial resources and mechanical arts. Prominent among our benefits has been the commerce of ideas. No longer are inactive, new thoughts, heretofore unknown to our people, constantly imported by our travelers and students who have been abroad.
Our beloved country, old in years, is now emerging with all the freshness and ardor of youth. Old systems of administration and primitive modes of education are gradually changing, and being largely replaced by those adopted from this noble land. A still more important result than any other is the steady removal of prejudice, which is fading from the minds of the great masses of our people towards foreigners, and which was formerly a chief obstacle to free and friendly intercourse with foreign nations. My best observation leads me to believe that today our people at large are beginning to understand their relations to the world and our greatest national wish is to gain and preserve our sincere friendship of your people and that of all progressive nations. All this favorable change and progress is entirely due to what I have called “commerce of ideas,” to the development of which America has so largely contributed.
The friendly sentiments so universally expressed in this country toward our people, appears to us a strong guarantee that our nations are designed to be the best friends forever. We rejoice in the constant steam communication you have already established across the Pacific and shall eagerly welcome and ocean submarine cable, wherever laid, to unite us with our nearest neighbor, whose shores are washed by the waters of the great Pacific Ocean. We deeply regret that the time remaining at our disposal is so limited, that we can no longer enjoy your kind hospitalities, but we are deeply impressed with all we have seen, and shall, we assure you, carry fully tidings of this splendid reception and these cordial greetings to our Sovereign, through whom it will be made known to our people, giving them universal joy.
Tags:Boston,Diplomacy,History,Iwakura Mission,Japan,Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr,Poem,United States,
This is a poem read by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. at the banquet held for the members of the Iwakura Mission at the Boston Board of Trade.
Although the New York Observer and Chronicle described the poem as “witty” in their August 8, 1872 edition, Prof John McGilvrey Maki described it as “scarcely more than doggerel” in a brief description he gave of the banquent. That might be why it wasn't the easiest poem to find. But I finally found it at the Project Gutenberg website in a collection entitled The Poetical Works of Oliver Wendell Holmes — Volume 07: Songs of Many Seasons
AT THE BANQUET TO THE JAPANESE EMBASSY
AUGUST 2, 1872
WE welcome you, Lords of the Land of the Sun!
The voice of the many sounds feebly through one;
Ah! would 't were a voice of more musical tone,
But the dog-star is here, and the song-birds have flown.
And what shall I sing that can cheat you of smiles,
Ye heralds of peace from the Orient isles?
If only the Jubilee—Why did you wait?
You are welcome, but oh! you're a little too late!
We have greeted our brothers of Ireland and France,
Round the fiddle of Strauss we have joined in the dance,
We have lagered Herr Saro, that fine-looking man,
And glorified Godfrey, whose name it is Dan.
What a pity! we've missed it and you've missed it too,
We had a day ready and waiting for you;
We'd have shown you—provided, of course, you had come—
You 'd have heard—no, you would n't, because it was dumb.
And then the great organ! The chorus's shout
Like the mixture teetotalers call "Cold without"—
A mingling of elements, strong, but not sweet;
And the drum, just referred to, that "couldn't be beat."
The shrines of our pilgrims are not like your own,
Where white Fusiyama lifts proudly its cone,
(The snow-mantled mountain we see on the fan
That cools our hot cheeks with a breeze from Japan.)
But ours the wide temple where worship is free
As the wind of the prairie, the wave of the sea;
You may build your own altar wherever you will,
For the roof of that temple is over you still.
One dome overarches the star-bannered shore;
You may enter the Pope's or the Puritan's door,
Or pass with the Buddhist his gateway of bronze,
For a priest is but Man, be he bishop or bonze.
And the lesson we teach with the sword and the pen
Is to all of God's children, "We also are men!
If you wrong us we smart, if you prick us we bleed,
If you love us, no quarrel with color or creed!"
You'll find us a well-meaning, free-spoken crowd,
Good-natured enough, but a little too loud,—
To be sure, there is always a bit of a row
When we choose our Tycoon, and especially now.
You'll take it all calmly,—we want you to see
What a peaceable fight such a contest can be,
And of one thing be certain, however it ends,
You will find that our voters have chosen your friends.
If the horse that stands saddled is first in the race,
You will greet your old friend with the weed in his face;
And if the white hat and the White House agree,
You'll find H. G. really as loving as he.
But oh, what a pity—once more I must say—
That we could not have joined in a "Japanese day"!
Such greeting we give you to-night as we can;
Long life to our brothers and friends of Japan!
The Lord of the mountain looks down from his crest
As the banner of morning unfurls in the West;
The Eagle was always the friend of the Sun;
You are welcome!—The song of the cage-bird is done.
Tags:Japan,History,Iwakura Mission Luckily, cooler heads prevailed in the end.
Tags:Personal, Contrary to what you might have heard, Tijuana is a pretty nice place. My wife and I celebrated a couple important milestones yesterday by spending the day there.
Here are some photos.
Here are the links to the places we went:
"North Korea has nothing to lose, while we have everything to lose."
Tags:Politics,Japanese (The above table will change as the status of the bill changes)
I heard about this bill from my Japanese teacher at UCSD. It will change the current law from requiring students to take one arts (either performance or visual) or foreign language class to one art, foreign language, or career technical education class.
I am not sure what the connections between these three are. It also seems most of the organized opposition is coming from art teachers, not language teachers. But, its not hard to see that language classes will probably be the most affected. I hope to learn more about this bill, and report on its progress through the legislature.
Tags:Politics There was a two hour ten minute hearing at the House Judicial Subcommittee on | Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, & International Law. Subcommittee Chair, Representative Zoe Lofgren, recently spent a day with Comedy Central TV show host Stephen Colbert participating in the United Farm Worker's Take Our Jobs campaign, the goal of which is to highlight the inability of farms to recruit American citizens to work in their fields.
In the following five minute clip, California Representative Judy Chu, questions Colbert on why he participated in this program and what he learned.
I haven't watched all of today's hearing. C-SPAN stated it was over 2 hours and that Colbert spoke for 15 minutes. Perhaps Colbert made a fool of himself and Congress. However, Rep. Chu took him seriously, and received a serious answer. I hasn't read about it until I saw the last few last lines in this exchange were quoted in this blog post from the New York Times, however, which led me to try to find the whole exchange. Rather than arguing about whether or not Stephen Colbert should testify in Congress, maybe we should be arguing how to best treat the people on which our food supply depends.
via Boing Boing
I can't remember exactly how now, but I recently came across the idea of the semantic web and Tim Berners-Lee. Its been around a (really) long time, so I am a bit disappointed that this I have not come across these concepts before now. Although it isn't a universlly praised idea, though, so that might be why.
I think having an open web that is connected everywhere through human generated meta-data as opposed to existing in a walled off such as Facebook is a good idea. Beyond concerns that people my not be correct in their coding of relationships, there are privacy issues. The reason the walled off community Facebook became so popular was the illusion that your information would be private. However, since almost everything we do online and offline is tracked by someone, even down to filming what you do in a store in order to provide a better consumer experience, microformatting for me, at least, gives me some control over my data and how it is presented. Of course, I could just be helping these marketers create a more correct proflie of me.
Beyond the philosophical idea of an open web and privacy, which may or may not matter as I am not sure if I completely understand the broader implications of these concepts yet, its just cool to see how adding microformating to my own website will change my internet presence. That's why I am now trying to catch up and have begun introducing microformating to my website.
I have found a lot of technical information on microformating that is sometimes understandable and othertimes not, but here is an interesting slideshow by Emily Lewis that introduces the concept in pictures and words, for the most part, of one syllable.
Thanks to Ambassador Roos for bringing this to my attention
I really don't know what project or band Jack White is working on now, but, I do know that ever since I first heard Seven Nation Army on the Eagle 810 -- in fact, I think I first heard it driving west on the Tomei expressway -- anything Jack White does, I like.
His band The Dead Weather is releasing a new album on May 11th. They are promoting it with a live video stream of the new album.
Literally, a live video stream of an LP album.
This is why I like anything Jack White does.
This is the first video I have produced for my class project in my class on endangered languages.
I hope to produce several of these in the next few weeks about various languages.
I am planning to do French and Japanese as examples of non endangered language lexical innovation. However, I hope to be able to find people who can send me audio of endangered languages.
If you or someone you know can help me out, please let me know.
Should be interesting. Starts at 11:40 PST.
I have been to Canada once, in 1998.
But, after seeing this Shane Koyczan's poem at the Olympics, I was ready to go back
Here's some cool music of past and present that I'm inspired to post in honor of the country that made it be.
And one more, cool in its own way...
*I have read Tom Gill's book, but have never heard of or read anything by Rey Ventura. Its at the
UCSD library, so I look forward to reading it soon.
ICAS Event: Rey Ventura (with Tom Gill) on
"Japan-Philippine Relations as Experienced by 'Standing
Date: Tuesday, February 16th, 2010
Time: 7:00 p.m. open (7:30 p.m. start)
Venue: Temple University Japan Campus: Mita Hall 502 /
Admission: Open to general public.
About the Event
A lecture and documentary film screening by journalist
and author Rey Ventura, with discussion and commentary
by Tom Gill, Professor of Social Anthropology at Meiji
The lecture and film by Rey Ventura will address the
personal experience of marginally employed migrants,
who are subject to the changing economic fortunes and
political climate of Japan, as it attempts to regulate
its labor supply and exert social control over its
The presentation will include the screening of a
30-minute documentary film which shows the challenges
faced by Filipino migrant workers in the intensive
community of Kotobukicho, a day laborers' center in
Yokohama, which was the basis for Rey Ventura's book
"Underground in Japan" (1992) and "Into the Land of
Standing Men" (2007). Kotobuki - with its infamous
"Yoseba" (a black market for supplying day labor in
Japan) and "Doya-gai" (day laborers' lodgings) - was
also the research site for Professor Gill's
ethnographic study "Men of Uncertainty" (1996).
Rey Ventura is a journalist, documentary filmmaker and
author of "Underground in Japan" (1992), and "Into the
Country of Standing Men" (2007), based upon his
experience of as a day laborer in Yokohama's
Kotobukicho. From 1996 to 2001, he was the Manila
correspondent of Asia Press International, a
Tokyo-based news agency, and is now working on a
manuscript based on his six-year reportage. His
documentary films have been aired on NHK, Fuji TV,
Asahi Newsstar, MxTV, and BS 11.
Tom Gill is Professor of Social Anthropology in the
Faculty of International Studies at Meiji Gakuin
University, whose work focuses on Marginalized People
in Japan. He is the author of "Men of Uncertainty: The
Social Organization of Day Laborers in Contemporary
Japan," Editor of "Globalization and Social Change in
Contemporary Japan," (with J.S. Eades and Harumi Befu),
and is currently working on a project on homelessness
in Japan, the U.S. and Britain.