Discovering Computers Chapter 2 Slide Outline

APPLICATION SOFTWARE
Four major categories of application software
   Productivity/business
   Graphic design/multimedia
   Home/personal/education
   Communications

APPLICATION SOFTWARE
The Role of the Operating System
   Operating system
      Type of system software that tells the computer 
       how to perform functions
   Started when you start the computer
   Allows you to communicate with the computer and other software
   Remains in memory until the computer is turned off

APPLICATION SOFTWARE
The Role of the User Interface
   Controls how you enter data and how information is presented to you
      Graphical user interface (GUI)
         Combines text, graphics, and other visual cues to make software easier to use
         Macintosh operating system
         Microsoft Windows

APPLICATION SOFTWARE
Starting a Software Application
   Window
   Title bar
   Shortcut menus (context-sensitive menus)

PRODUCTIVITY SOFTWARE
Types of productivity software
   Word processing
   Spreadsheet
   Database
   Presentation graphics
   Personal information management
   Accounting
   Project management

PRODUCTIVITY SOFTWARE
Word Processing Software
   Developing a Document
      Creating
         Developing the document by entering text and graphics
      Editing
         Making changes
         Editing a word processing document 
      Formatting
         Changing the appearance of a document
         Font, font size, or font style
      Saving
         AutoSave
         File name
      Printing

PRODUCTIVITY SOFTWARE
Word Processing Software
   Basic Word Processing Features
      Color
      Columns
      Graphics
      Images
      Borders
      Clip art
      Import
      Margins
      Wordwrap
      Scrolling
      Find (search)
      Replace
      Grammatical corrections
      Spelling checker
      Headers
      Footers

PRODUCTIVITY SOFTWARE
Spreadsheet Software
   Spreadsheet organization
      Contains up to255 worksheets
      Worksheet has up to 256 columns and 65,536 rows
      Cell - intersection of a row and a column
      Labels
      Values
   Formulas
      Calculations
      Formula - performs calculations on the data 
       in the worksheet and displays the result
   Function - predefined formula that performs common calculations
   Macros
      A sequence of keystrokes and instructions 
       that are recorded and saved
      Saves time by allowing you to enter a single character 
       to perform frequently used tasks
   Recalculation
      When you change data, any value affected by the change is updated
   Charting
      Visual representation of data in a graphical form
         Line charts
         Column charts (bar charts)
         Pie charts
   Spreadsheet animation

PRODUCTIVITY SOFTWARE
Database Software
   Database - a collection of data organized in a manner 
    that allows access, retrieval, and use of that data
   Database management system (DBMS)
   Tables
   Rows (records)
   Fields

PRODUCTIVITY SOFTWARE
Database Software
   Database Organization
      Determine fields
      Determine field lengths
      Determine data types
         Text
         Numeric
         Currency
         Date
         Memo
         Hyperlink

PRODUCTIVITY SOFTWARE
Database Software
   Entering Data
      Keyboard entry
      Validation
      Importing data
   Manipulating Data
      Sort
      Query
      Criteria (restrictions)

PRODUCTIVITY SOFTWARE
Presentation Graphics Software
   Predefined formats - define colors and other elements 
    for backgrounds, text, and other items on the slides
   Title slide
   Clip art
   Slide sorter
   Printing
   Outline
   Audience notes
   Notes page

PRODUCTIVITY SOFTWARE
Personal Information Managers
   Software application that includes an appointment 
    calendar, address book, and notepad to help organize 
    appointments and task lists

PRODUCTIVITY SOFTWARE
Software Suite
   Collection of individual application software 
    packages sold as a single package
      Lower cost
      Ease of use
         Common interface

PRODUCTIVITY SOFTWARE
Project Management Software
   Allows you to plan, schedule, track, and analyze the events, 
    resources, and costs of a project
Accounting Software
   Helps companies record and report financial transactions
   Basic low cost packages and sophisticated high cost packages

GRAPHICS AND MULTIMEDIA SOFTWARE 
Software used by power users for specific tasks
   Computer-Aided Design
      Used to create engineering, architectural, and 
       scientific designs
   Desktop Publishing Software (Professional)
      Allows you to produce sophisticated documents 
       that contain text, graphics, and brilliant colors
      Page layout - arranging text and graphics in a document
   Paint/Image Editing Software (Professional)
      Allows you to draw pictures, shapes, and other graphical images 
       using various tools on the screen
   Video and Audio Editing Software
      Video editing - modifying segments of video called clips
      Add words
      Reorder segments
   Audio editing - modify audio clips
      Filters enhance audio quality
   Multimedia Authoring Software
      Used to create electronic interactive presentations 
       that include text, video, audio, and animation
      Often used in education
      Delivered via CD-ROM or DVD-ROM
   Web Page Authoring Software
      Allows you to create Web pages and organize, manage, 
       and maintain Web sites

SOFTWARE FOR HOME  USE 
Integrated Software
   Combines applications into a single easy to use package
      Word processing
      Spreadsheet
      Database
Personal Finance Software
   Simplified accounting program
   Track personal income and expenses
   Track investments
   Online banking and investing
Legal Software
   Assists in preparation of legal documents and provides legal advice
Tax Preparation Software
   Guides individuals, families, or small businesses through 
    the process of filing federal and state taxes
   Offer money saving tax tips
   Prints tax forms

SOFTWARE FOR HOME USE
Desktop Publishing (Personal)
   Allows you to create newsletters, brochures, and advertisements; 
    postcards and greeting cards; letterhead and business cards; banners, 
    calendars, and logos
   Print or place final publication on the Web
Paint/Image Editing Software (Personal)
   Simplified to meet the needs of home and small business users
Photo-editing software
Clip Art/Image Gallery
   Collection of clip art and photographs
   Use graphics in word processing, desktop publishing, 
    spreadsheets, and presentation graphics
Home Design/Landscaping Software
   Assists in the design or remodeling of a home, deck, or landscape
Educational/Reference/Personal Computer Entertainment Software
   Software designed to teach a particular skill
Reference software
Personal computer entertainment software

SOFTWARE FOR COMMUNICATIONS 
GroupWare
   Helps groups of people on a network collaborate on 
    projects and share information
   Provides PIM functions
   Group scheduling
Electronic Mail Software
   Create, send, receive, forward, store, print, and delete email messages
   Mailbox
   Mail server
   E-mail address
   Signature
Web Browsers
   Netscape Navigator  -  Microsoft Internet Explorer

BROWSING THE WORLD WIDE WEB 
Web access is major reason to purchase a computer
Web based catalogs
World Wide Web is just one of many Internet services available
Web page can contain text, graphical images, sound, and video
Collection of Web pages is a Web site

BROWSING THE WORLD WIDE WEB 
Connecting to the Web and Starting a Browser
   Internet service provider (ISP)
   Online services
   Establishing a connection
   Home page
   Downloading

BROWSING THE WORLD WIDE WEB 
Navigating Web Pages Using Links
   Hyperlinks (link)
   Built-in connection to another related Web page
   Surfing the Web

BROWSING THE WORLD WIDE WEB 
Using the Browser Toolbars
   Buttons used to navigate and work with Web sites
   Entering a URL
   Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
      Unique address for a Web page
         Protocol
         Domain name
         Path
         Web server
Searching for Information on the Web
   Search engine
   Keywords
   Hits
   Widely used search engines

LEARNING AIDS AND SUPPORT TOOLS 
Online Help
FAQs
Tutorials
Wizards
Printed manuals and books

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